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Adam Reborn: A Family Guide to Surviving a Traumatic Brain Injury

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Helping Develop Your Baby's Brain

Posted by on in TBI

baby with book

Our brain is the most complex part of our body, the function of this marvelous computer is still to be discovered.

Newborns Distinguish Speech: Children as young as four days old can distinguish the vowel sounds of the language in their natural environment from those of a foreign language.

Reading Aloud Stimulates Child Development: Reading aloud to children helps stimulate brain development, yet only 50% of infants and toddlers are routinely read to by their parents.

Baby Talk Increases Vocabulary: A study showed that when mothers frequently spoke to their infants, their children learned about 300 more words by age two than did children whose mothers rarely spoke to them.

Child Brain Development: Measures of brain activity show that during the second half of a child's first year, the prefrontal cortex, the seat of forethought and logic, forms synapses at such a rate that it consumes twice as much energy as an adult brain. That furious pace continues for the child's first decade of life.

Experts recommend talking to your baby a lot. By age 3, kids spoken to more frequently have an IQ that's 1.5 times higher than that of children who weren't. By the time they're in elementary school, they have much stronger reading, spelling, and writing skills.

The tone of your voice is also important. You know the baby-friendly, sing-songy voice – higher pitch, exaggerated vowels (think: 'Helloooooo, baaaa-byyy!') – that you use instinctively? You're onto something! Researchers call it "parentese," and it's an excellent way to help a baby’s brain learn language because each vowel sounds more distinct. The tone helps infants separate sounds into categories and the high pitch is easier for them to imitate.

Emotion is one of the first ways babies communicate with us, says Ross Flom, associate professor of psychology and neuroscience at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. And being able to read facial expressions is the cornerstone of strong nonverbal communication skills, setting your baby up for better teamwork, fewer fights, and stronger long-term relationships as an adult.

 Research shows that children learn language faster  if you point to an object while saying the word.  

 At first, your baby will look at you when you point. As he gets a bit older, he may look at your pointing finger, too. By about 9 months, most babies start to follow your pointing finger and notice what you're pointing to, says BYU psychology professor Ross Flom.

 At around 9 or 10 months, babies will start bringing objects to show you. Having this shared interaction is called "joint attention." It means your child is developing the ability to relate to you about something (and someone) outside the two of you.

( (


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TBI Recovery Can Be Hard Work - Occupational Therapy Helps Bring Back Daily Work/Home Functions (3rd in a series)

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Occupational Therapy Kitchen jpg

Occupational therapists work with individuals who have conditions that are mentally, physically, developmentally, or emotionally disabling. Occupational therapists assist individuals to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills.

The word "occupation" comes from our belief that we all have "occupational roles" that contribute to who we are (i.e. mother, son, spouse, employee). The goal of an occupational therapist is not only to help clients improve basic motor functions, cognitive and emotional abilities to return to these roles, but also to compensate for loss of function. Their goal is to help clients have independent, productive and satisfying lives.

Occupational therapy is skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. Occupational therapy gives people the "skills for the job of living" that are needed for independent and satisfying lives. Services typically include:

  • Customized treatment programs aimed at improving abilities to carry out the activities of daily living
  • Comprehensive evaluation of home and job environments and recommendations on necessary adaptation
  • Assessments and treatment for performance skills
  • Recommendations and training in the use of adaptive equipment
  • Guidance to family members and caregivers

Occupational therapy practitioners are skilled professionals whose education includes the study of human growth and development with specific emphasis on the social, emotional and physiological effects of illness and injury.

More information can be found at the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) website.


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Ex-NFL Superstar Brett Farve Expresses TBI Concerns

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It can happen to anybody -- forgetting your glasses are on the top of your head, or not remembering a loved one's birthday after celebrating it for decades. Most of us simply laugh off these short memory lapses.

But for a former professional football player, memory lapses can be a scary thing. They can be a sign of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, a disease that has been found in the brains of many athletes who suffered repeated hits to the head during their career.

Quarterback Brett Favre played 321 straight games in the National Football League before retiring. He recently told Sports Talk 570 in Washington that he can't remember his daughter participating in youth soccer one summer, even though she played several games. That, and other memory lapses, have worried him.

"For the first time in 44 years, that put a little fear in me," he said. "God only knows the toll."

The only way to diagnose CTE is after death -- by analyzing brain tissue and finding microscopic clumps of an abnormal protein called tau. Tau has been found in the brains of dozens of former NFL players, including Junior Seau, Dave Duerson, Terry Long and Shane Dronett, who all committed suicide. It was also found in the brain of Mike Webster, who died in 2002.


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TBI Recovery and Therapy Resource Takes a Big Hit Down - as Nintendo States End of Wii Production!

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Dear Friends,

Nintendo Wii was/has been a huge part of not only Recreational Therapy, but PT as well as OT for Adam. Standing up...keeping his balance...hand/eye coordination...the "fun" of doing a therapy...the "fun" of having played sports before...and now being able to compete again.... IS LOST...

Not so much for Adam and TBI survivors/victims in the for those in the future.

Nintendo has stated they are officially shutting down the Wii platform/production.



From Nintendo,

"After seven years and over 100 million units sold, Nintendo has said a quiet goodbye to the Wii. Nintendo Japan made the news official today with a short statement on the system's product page that read simply "production over." It marked a particularly subdued ending for a console that had such a dramatic impact on the gaming world.Of course, the shine soon faded for the Wii. A few years after its launch, third-party publishers began realizing that gamers were largely only interested in games made by Nintendo and began to back away from the system."

( Nintendo Shuts Down Wii)

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The Brain and ESP

Posted by on in TBI


Psychic phenomena are controversial, and any discussion of the paranormal provokes debate. For more than a century psychical research, or parapsychology as it is called today, has been attempting to use scientific methods to unravel the mysteries of psi (psi is the first letter of the Greek word psyche and is used to denote any type of psychic phenomena). Recent developments in parapsychology and neuroscience have revealed new clues about the way ESP and other psychic abilities are processed by the brain.There is strong evidence to support the argument that each hemisphere of the brain has a separate and conscious ego. There are at least two personalities cohabitating in every normal human. Each hemisphere of the brain has a self-reflective consciousness, and a substratum that allows us to process information and symbols. Whatever we see, feel, hear, or touch gets channeled into this system that abstracts these sensations and allows for language, conceptualizations and abstractions.

When one of these centers is active, a neurophysiological mechanism actively inhibits the other from expressing its mental contents. This means that the “unconscious” is always thinking and aware, self-reflective, and needs to express itself from time to time. Most of us rely heavily on processing in the left hemisphere, the center of verbal communications, logic, and linear thinking.  But the psychic centers of the brain seem to be primarily in the right hemisphere, the part of the brain which controls our artistic, musical, intuitive, and non-verbal communication skills.


 How to Achieve these Extra Sensory Perception Powers
Researchers feel that these powers are latent in all human beings and need only a trigger to emerge. We must understand that in the human brain there is a gland know as pineal gland. Earlier, that is many eons ago this gland was fairly large almost the size of a golf ball, but now it has shrunk in size and is the size of a pea. This has happened as man has evolved to the present form as per the theory of evolution. Generally ESP powers have something to do with this gland though there is no conclusive evidence about it.


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TBI Recovery Can Be Hard Work - Physical Therapy Helps Take That First Step (2nd in a series)

Posted by on in TBI

 Physical-Therapy side step

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is a professional organization representing more than 85,000 members, ranging from PT's to students of physical therapy, all with the intent of helping others.

 Physical therapy is a healthcare specialty that includes the evaluation, assessment, and treatment of individuals with limitations in functional mobility. Physical therapy services are provided by physical therapists, who are professionals licensed by the state in which they work. Physical therapists are required to have a master's degree or a clinical doctorate degree from an accredited institution and must sit for a licensing exam to practice.

If you have an injury or illness that results in physical impairment or loss of function, a physical therapist can help. Physical therapists treat people across the entire lifespan. Many specialize in treating a certain population, like children, the elderly, or athletes. Regardless of age, if you have impaired mobility, a physical therapy evaluation may be warranted to offer treatment and a strategy to improve function.

Some common problems that physical therapists evaluate and treat include:


  • Stroke, Sports Injuries, Fractures, and Arthritis. 


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TBI Recovery May Require Anti-Seizure Medications.

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(Dear Friends, always get a second opinion from a doctor or neurologist regarding anti-seizure medications, as there are many different brands. Some are more harsh on the system than others, leading to stronger side effects. Unfortunately, your insurance may specify which brand they will pay for - Alex.)




One of the problems that can occur after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is seizures. Although most people who have a brain injury will never have a seizure, it is good to understand what a seizure is and what to do if you have one. Most seizures happen in the first several days or weeks after a brain injury. Some may occur months or years after the injury. About 70-80% of people who have seizures are helped by medications and can return to most activities. Rarely, seizures can make you much worse or even cause death.

Seizures happen in 1 of every 10 people who have a TBI that required hospitalization. The seizure usually happens where there is a scar in the brain as a consequence of the injury.

During a seizure there is a sudden abnormal electrical disturbance in the brain that results in one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Strange movement of your head, body, arms, legs, or eyes, such as stiffening or shaking.
  • Unresponsiveness and staring.
  • Chewing, lip smacking, or fumbling movements.
  • Strange smell, sound, feeling, taste, or visual images.
  • Sudden tiredness or dizziness.
  • Not being able to speak or understand others.


Medications that are used to control seizures are called antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). These drugs may be used for other problems, such as chronic pain, restlessness, or mood instability. You and your doctor will decide on which drug to use based on your type of seizures, your age, how healthy you are, and if you get any side effects from the medications. Side effects of AEDs usually improve after you’ve been taking the medication for 3-5 days.


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TBI Recovery Can Be Hard Work - Recreational Therapy Adds a Fun Factor (1st in a series.)

Posted by on in TBI

                    kings in the corner

(Dear Friends, therapy is one of the best routes for TBI recovery. Your loved one will be involved in many different kinds. Recreational Therapy may give them a morale boost by doing some of the activities they enjoyed before the accident -  Alex)


According to the American Therapeutic Recreation Association (ATRA), Recreational Therapy means a treatment service designed to restore, remediate and rehabilitate a person’s level of functioning and independence in life activities, to promote health and wellness as well as reduce or eliminate the activity limitations and restrictions to participation in life situations caused by an illness or disabling condition.

Recreational Therapy may also be referred to as Therapeutic Recreation or Recreation Therapy.Recreational therapists work with clients to restore motor, social and cognitive functioning, build confidence, develop coping skills, and integrate skills learned in treatment settings into community settings. Intervention areas vary widely and are based upon client interests. Examples of intervention modalities include creative arts (e.g., crafts, music, dance, drama, among others), sports, adventure programming, dance/movement, and leisure education.


The unique feature of recreational therapy that makes it different from other therapies is the use of recreational modalities in the designed intervention strategies. Although many of the treatment goals that a recreational therapist may work towards are similar to other disciplines on the rehabilitation team, the way a recreational therapist achieves those goals is what distinguishes this unique service. Incorporating client's interests, and the client's family and/or community makes the therapy process meaningful and relevant. Recreational therapy is extremely individualized to each person, their past, present and future interests and lifestyle. The recreational therapist has a unique perspective regarding the social, cognitive, physical, and leisure needs of the patient. Recreational therapists weave the concept of healthy living into treatment to ensure not only improved functioning, but also to enhance independence and successful involvement in all aspects of life. 


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Henry Mayo Hospital Helps With TBI Recovery

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August 18, 2008. 11:00 at night. Adam and Henry Mayo Hospital will forever be linked. And as Henry Mayo continues to grow and build towards a brighter future - so does Adam.

With Henry Mayo's Trauma Team and Trauma Center in place, the life-saving capabilities to assist patients in a quick and efficient manner increase the opportunities for survivial and recovery.


Henry Mayo poster far away


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Posted by on in TBI

The 11th Annual Conference hosted by the North American Brain Injury Society along with the Betty Clooney Center for TBI Recovery, is slated for this September in New Orleans.

               TBI Louisiana 2

               TBI louisiana


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Make Sure To See What You Hit!!!

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Dear Friends, football season is here. If your family or friends are considering playing football  then "Head's Up/USA Football" may be right for them. Skilled coaches offering proper techniques for tackling and all aspects of playing the game are involved. And most importantly, trying to minimize helmet to helmet "head down" hits that could possibly lead to a TBI and then require TBI recovery.

More information can be found regarding "Heads Up" football at


Enjoy the game safely - Alex

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If You Have A Brain...One Of These May Apply To You!

Posted by on in TBI

                       brain freeze

Brain Freeze -We all love icey cold foods, especially on a hot summer day, but too much of it too fast can give us a real headache. Who hasn't had a bout of brain freeze immediately after they throw that blizzard back too fast.

Brain freeze is something which most people have heard of, but which they actually know very little about. Generally it is the term given to the feeling you get after eating or drinking something extremely cold. It tends to occur when these foods and drinks are consumed fairly quickly and it is definitely not a very nice experience! So just what is it and why does it occur?What you may not know is that the pain actually occurs from the cold food and drink touching the roof of the mouth. It is the warming, afterwards, of the hard palate that causes the pain rather than the cold as what many people mistakenly think.


Brain Drain - Brain drain is also known as “The human capital flight”. It can be simply defined as the mass emigration of technically skilled people from one country to another country.Brain-drain can have many reasons, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts etc.


Brainiac - A highly intelligent person.


Brain Storming - Brainstorming combines a relaxed, informal approach to problem solving with lateral thinking. It encourages people to come up with thoughts and ideas that can, at first, seem a bit crazy. Some of these ideas can be crafted into original, creative solutions to a problem, while others can spark even more ideas. This helps to get people unstuck by "jolting" them out of their normal ways of thinking.


Brain Fade - Ever heard of the term brain fade? This happens when your mind suddenly thinks blank or black and that you totally forget what you have just studied.

Brain fade is very common to people and does not only experienced by students because as we input new knowledge to our brain, it tends to put the new ones on top of the previous info. And as you place more information on top, the first info becomes older and less available to your immediate recall because your brain has set aside it.

(1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-

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Concussions Continue With Upcoming 2013 NFL Season

Posted by on in TBI

Buffalo Bills quarterback Kevin Kolb suffered a concussion in Saturday's preseason loss to the Washington Redskins, a league source told ESPN NFL Insider Adam Schefter.

Per the source, the Bills are proceeding as if the concussion, which was termed "serious," could be career-ending.

Kolb will undergo a battery of tests and the Bills do not want to rush him back even if he can continue his career, the source told Schefter.

While diving for a first down in Saturday's game, Kolb was kneed in the helmet by a Redskins defender. He remained on the field for the final four plays of the drive before departing for the locker room with what the team called concussion-like symptoms.

Kolb, who turned 29 on Saturday, missed time in 2010 and 2012 with concussions, a history that has the Bills concerned.

 ( - 2013)


Minnesota Vikings backup offensive lineman Seth Olsen was diagnosed with a concussion after a scary incident that saw him strapped down to a gurney and wheeled off the field in the second quarter of Thursday's preseason finale against the Tennessee Titans.

The injury occurred when Olsen dived to make a low block downfield on a screen pass to teammate Joe Banyard. It appeared a Titans defensive lineman's right knee struck Olsen in the head before he landed face-down on the turf.

There was a roughly 10-minute delay as a medical team worked to pad Olsen's head and strap him down, with the Vikings' entire team forming a semicircle on the field. Olsen was conscious as he left the field on the gurney and raised his left hand to acknowledge the crowd.

( - 2013)

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NFL Settles $765 Million Dollar Concussion Lawsuit With Players. TBI Recovery Forthcoming.

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(Dear friends, ironically enough the week the NFL and its players settled a ongoing concussion lawsuit - two more active players came down with head injuries. - Alex)

                           tdy nfl settlement

After two months of negotiations, the NFL has settled with the more than 4,500 former NFL players in their joint lawsuit involving concussion-related injuries.

This settlement seems like a positive outcome for the NFL, especially considering the league's efforts to try to distance itself from perceptions that the league did not take concussions seriously enough.

Had the plaintiffs continued with litigation and been able to prove the NFL "hid information" or that their injuries were directly caused by football activities, it would have been a serious issue, not just monetarily.

The league is making it known that they are taking steps to make the game safer at all levels, and that the funding detailed in the settlement will strive to make that a reality.

In the past, the NFL and its players did not have the same knowledge and medical awareness of concussions and their long-term impact that is available to those in the modern game.

This decision will hopefully help those former players who have suffered from head injuries and trauma, as well as their families. At the same time, the league and its current players will continue to strive for more player safety moving forward.

( - 2013)

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Will Concussions/TBI Be The End Of Football?

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football concussions

Author Malcolm Gladwell has been a voice in the concussion fray before, calling schools to ban college football and saying he wouldn’t be surprised if football at all levels fades from existence once people realize how damaging it can be long-term for players with head injuries.

But in a new documentary, Gladwell offers a less extreme — and possibly more likely — scenario for what will happen to the game. Gladwell says football will be a game that capitalizes on those poor or desperate enough to take the risk.

“We will go to a middle position where we will disclose the risks and essentially dare people to play,” Gladwell said in the film, which comes out Friday, as reported by “… That’s what the Army does. So we leave the Army for kids who have no other options, for whom the risks are acceptable. That’s what football is going to become. It’s going to become the Army. That’s a very, very different situation.

“His assertion is that it’s going to stay relevant at least for the time being in lower-income areas and then also football hotbeds such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, certainly Texas — places where it transcends socioeconomic conditions,” Pamphilon said.

The concussion issue has ramped up in recent days, with the NFL agreeing Thursday to a $765 million settlement for a lawsuit brought by former NFL players. While the league is agreeing to pay for medical care for former players and to set up further research into concussions, the settlement allows the NFL to sidestep questions about whether it masked concerns about concussions until it faced outside pressure in recent years.


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The Tradition Continues! (Five Years of TBI Recovery and not Giving Up)

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Five years ago today it happened. A forty foot fall that impacted so many lives. However, Adam's determination to get better has never waivered. With the help of family, friends, faith and therapy, he continues on his path to recovery.

Tonight, as for the past five years, Adam will visit Henry Mayo Hospital - Emergency - where he was stabilized and helped back to life that fateful night. He will say thanks and as always, bring a couple dozen donuts for the night staff. (Hopefully, he won't have sampled all the jellies.)

Thank you to the nurses, doctors and therapists at Henry Mayo as well as Northridge Medical Hospital, Providence Holy Cross and Mobile Rehab Physical Therapy.

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Can A Sport Be Too Violent? Too Dangerous?

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(Dear friends, much like boxing, MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) requires both fighters to strike vicious punches and brutal blows against one another. Hopefully, a TBI and TBI recovery will not be an end result, however, over time it seems inevitable. In this recent fight, after kicking her opponent to the head, the fighter then followed with a punch to the face and hit her opponent so hard, she broke her own hand.)


In what Yahoo! Sports is calling “one of the year’s most memorable knockouts,” Jinh Yu knocked out Darla Harris in just 24 seconds during an MMA bout at the Sugar Creek Showdown in Oklahoma.

Yu connected with a kick to the head before delivering two power lefts that dropped Harris.


 The combat, contact sport of the Mixed Martial Arts, or MMA, implements various disciplines including judo, karate, kickboxing, and wrestling. Persons participating in a match, wear little protective gear.

Also known as cage fighting or ultimate fighting, the athletes involved have only one objective, win the match, by knockout, technical knockout or opponent submission. Fighters utilize grappling moves, which includes chokeholds, or strikes, consisting of kicks, kneeing or punches, to overcome an adversary. Since 2007, the sport has seen at least two fatalities as a direct result of traumatic brain injury (TBI).



Due to the seemingly barbaric violence of the sport, the Canadian Medical Association called for a ban on MMA. Several US states and legislators have already banned the sport. From 2001 to 2004, John Hopkins Medical University studied 171 MMA matches, exploring the ratio and extent of injury associated with the sport. 68.6% of the fighters received varying degrees of trauma, from lacerations to fractures of the eye, ear, face, jaw and nose because of blunt force. Fifty-four percent of the time, fighters won matches because of a technical knockout.



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Health Tip: Simple Everyday Habit May Help Prevent Alzheimer's

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(Dear Friends, research has indicated that a TBI may cause Alzheimer's to develop in some people's later years. One small and easy way to possibly combat the disease is a simple matter of hygiene. Alex)


Taking great care of your teeth—with daily brushing and flossing—may dramatically cut risk for Alzheimer’s disease, according to surprising new research.

British scientists report finding signs of gum-disease bacteria in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients. The new study adds to a rapidly growing body of evidence strongly linking periodontal (gum) disease to greatly increased risk for the memory-robbing disorder.

Byproducts of this bacterium, known as Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), were found in brain samples of four out of ten Alzheimer’s patients, but not in samples from ten people of similar age without dementia, according to the study published in Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease.

P. gingivalisis commonly found in people with chronic periodontal (gum) disease, and can enter the bloodstream through such everyday activities as eating, brushing, and invasive dental treatments, and from there, potentially travel to the brain.

The new British study discussed above adds to a 2012 study in which 158 cognitively normal people were checked for antibodies to gum-disease bacteria in their blood (indicating exposure to these bugs).

People with the antibodies were more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or cognitive impairment in later years than were people without the antibodies, suggesting that “periodontal disease could potentially contribute to AD onset/progression,” the researchers concluded.



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Brain Eating Warning Issued In Florida Due To Waterborne Parasite

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virus  water borne parasite

As a 12-year old boy fights for his life in Miami, the Florida Department of Health has issued a warning to anyone who might come in contact with warm freshwater.

Zachary Reyna is the second child in several weeks to suffer from the deadly parasite known as primary amoebic meningoencephalitis; the first was 12-year old Kali Hardig, an Arkansas girl. Hardig spent several weeks in intensive care after contracting the parasite at a water park but is now in rehab after receiving an experimental anti-amoeba drug. Now, Reyna’s parents hope the same drug will help him recover.

The Reyna family says Zachary was knee-boarding in shallow water with some friends on August 3; the next day, he slept the afternoon away. Because it was so out of the ordinary for him to rest that much, his parents took him to the emergency room, where he was diagnosed with the illness. He has since had brain surgery, and now his family waits to see if the medicine will work.

The Arkansas water park where Kali likely contracted the parasite has been shut down for the time being, because a previous case of the illness was reported there in 2010.

“Based on the occurrence of two cases of this rare infection in association with the same body of water and the unique features of the park, the ADH has asked the owner of Willow Springs to voluntarily close the water park to ensure the health and safety of the public,” the health department said.

Florida officials say that high water temperatures and low levels are breeding grounds for the amoeba and that the best way to avoid it are to stay away from swimming in freshwater during those times. If it can’t be avoided, they say, use nose plugs to keep the water out. Symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, vomiting and a stiff neck, according to the CDC.

“Later symptoms include confusion, lack of attention to people and surroundings, loss of balance, seizures and hallucinations,” the CDC says. “After the start of symptoms, the disease progresses rapidly and usually causes death within one to 12 days.”

A similar infection caused Aimee Copeland o lose both hands, a leg and a foot last year after she cut herself while ziplining over a Georgia lake. Bacteria from the water got into her wound and spread rapidly, but doctors were able to save her life.


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Shaken Baby Syndrome (TBI) Can Be Prevented

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crying baby

Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), a form of abusive head trauma (AHT) and inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI), is a preventable and severe form of physical child abuse. It results from violently shaking an infant by the shoulders, arms, or legs. SBS may result from both shaking alone or from impact (with or without shaking). The resulting whiplash effect can cause bleeding within the brain or the eyes.Nearly all victims of SBS suffer serious health consequences and at least one of every four babies who are violently shaken dies from this form of child maltreatment. Research shows that shaking most often results from crying or other factors that may trigger the person caring for the baby to become frustrated or angry.

The fact is that crying—including long bouts of inconsolable crying—is normal developmental behavior in infants. The problem is not the crying; however, it’s how caregivers respond to it. Picking up a baby and shaking, throwing, hitting, or hurting him/her is never an appropriate response.

Everyone, from caregivers to bystanders, can do something to prevent SBS. Giving parents and caregivers tools to know how they can cope if they find themselves becoming frustrated are important components of any SBS prevention initiative.

You can play a key role in reinforcing prevention through helping people understand the dangers of violently shaking a baby, the risk factors and the triggers for it, and ways to lessen the load on stressed out parents and caregivers.  All of which may help to reduce the number of children impacted by SBS.

( - Concussion)

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